There is a total solar eclipse on July 11, 2010, but not in North America.
In fact, no continent will have a great view of total phase. The eclipse stretches across the South Pacific, and totality just barely reaches the southern end of South America as the Sun sets. Maximum eclipse occurs near 120 degrees west longitude and 20 degrees south latitude. As a reference point, Easter Island is almost 1000 miles away to the southeast.
Partial solar eclipses will be visible across much of Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru.
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, and the shadow cast by the Moon falls on the Earth. This can only happen during the lunar phase of New Moon, which occurs, obviously, on July 11th as well. A total solar eclipse also requires that the Moon’s disk be slightly larger than the Sun’s disk in the sky. This arrangement is unique to the Sun-Earth-Moon system. Even though other planets have more moons than Earth, and there are 4 moons in the solar larger than Earth’s Moon, total solar eclipses cannot occur on any other planet.